This is a how-to guide for conducting a command-and-control (C2) risk and resilience tabletop exercise, a new wargaming method of assessing metrics for C2 structures. The aim of this method is to enable more-rigorous comparing of C2 structures in a scenario than present-day methods permit. It provides a structured approach to comparison in terms of risks from adversary efforts or the operational environment and resilience to those risks.
- How can one compare and contrast alternative command-and-control organizational structures in a given scenario?
Many recent wargames conducted by the joint community have examined alternative organizational structures for operational-level command and control (C2) in a scenario. However, wargames typically role-play and exercise the roles, responsibilities, and authorities of a prescribed C2 organizational structure in the scenario rather than compare and contrast alternative structures in a rigorous manner. This report provides a "how-to" guide for conducting a C2 risk and resilience (C2R2) tabletop exercise (TTX). The C2R2 TTX is a wargaming method that RAND researchers developed and can be used to compare and contrast alternative organizational structures for operational-level C2 in terms of associated risks to operational outcomes and the organizational structures' resilience to those risks. The method is an adaptation of the assumption-based planning methodology developed for the U.S. Army in the 1990s but conducted in a TTX format and using a retrospective futurology approach to elicit consensus from subject-matter experts. The steps involve preparing the materials, conducting a preparation session, evaluating risk and resilience metrics in a one- or two-day event involving 12 to 24 participants, and summarizing the results. This could be suitable for a multiday workshop conducted in parallel with and as part of a larger wargaming effort.
Table of Contents
How to Conduct a Command-and-Control Tabletop Exercise
How to Assess the Results of a Command-and-Control Risk and Resilience Tabletop Exercise
Sample Game Materials: Organizational Structures
Sample Game Materials: Scenario Description
Sample Game Materials: Recommended Agenda for Command-and-Control Risk and Resilience Tabletop Exercise Capstone Event
Sample Game Materials: Summary of Game Results