Costs and Effectiveness of Interventions to Reduce Motor Vehicle–Related Injuries and Deaths

Supplement to Tool Documentation

by Liisa Ecola, Jeanne S. Ringel, Kathryn Connor, David Powell, Connor P. Jackson, Paul Ng, Candice Miller

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Motor vehicle crashes account for a large number of deaths and injuries. In the United States, in 2015, more than 35,000 people were killed and approximately 2.44 million were injured in motor vehicle crashes. In 2010, the economic costs associated with motor vehicle crashes in the United States were substantial, estimated to be $242 billion. Fortunately, a wide range of evidence-based interventions, including both policies and programs, can help prevent motor vehicle–related injuries and deaths.

In 2014, RAND researchers developed an online tool, the Motor Vehicle Prioritizing Interventions and Cost Calculator for States (MV PICCS), to help determine the costs and effectiveness of various interventions to reduce injuries and deaths from motor vehicle crashes and what interventions together generate the largest reductions in injuries and deaths for a given implementation budget.

A 2015 update added two new interventions and produced a series of reports about allocating traffic safety funds. The 2017 update, MV PICCS 3.0, determined whether to add new interventions, updated information on the interventions' effectiveness and costs, and redesigned the tool's user interface to be more user-friendly.

Table of Contents

  • Chapter One


  • Chapter Two

    Selecting Interventions

  • Chapter Three

    Changes to Effectiveness Data and Analysis

  • Chapter Four

    Cost Data, Estimates, and Analysis

  • Chapter Five

    Tool Redesign

  • Chapter Six

    Limitations and Future Refinements

  • Appendix A

    Interventions Considered but Not Included

  • Appendix B

    Productivity and Medical Adjustments to the Value of a Life

This work was sponsored by the National Center for Injury Prevention and Control at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and conducted jointly in RAND Health and the Infrastructure Resilience and Environmental Policy Program, a part of RAND Justice, Infrastructure, and Environment.

This report is part of the RAND Corporation Tool series. RAND tools may include models, databases, calculators, computer code, GIS mapping tools, practitioner guidelines, web applications, and various toolkits. All RAND tools undergo rigorous peer review to ensure both high data standards and appropriate methodology in keeping with RAND's commitment to quality and objectivity.

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