Costs and Effectiveness of Interventions to Reduce Motor Vehicle–Related Injuries and Deaths

Project Report and Online-Tool Documentation

by Jeanne S. Ringel, Johanna Zmud, Kathryn Connor, David Powell, Brian G. Chow, Liisa Ecola, Christina Panis, Gregory S. Jones

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This report documents the approach, data, and assumptions used to produce an online tool that allows state decisionmakers to assess the costs and effectiveness of implementing up to 14 interventions and to select those most effective in reducing deaths and injuries from motor vehicle crashes for a given implementation budget. It also provides examples of how costs and benefits were identified for certain interventions, as well as instructions about using the tool in various modes of analysis. The tool was developed for and is hosted by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Injury Prevention and Control.

Table of Contents

  • Chapter One


  • Chapter Two

    Selecting Interventions

  • Chapter Three

    Cost Data, Estimates, and Analysis

  • Chapter Four

    Effectiveness Data and Analysis

  • Chapter Five

    Tool Integration

  • Chapter Six

    User Manual with Example

  • Chapter Seven

    Potential Effects and Future Refinements

  • Appendix A

    Details of Intervention Selection

  • Appendix B

    Intervention Fact Sheets

This work was sponsored by the National Center for Injury Prevention and Control at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and conducted jointly in RAND Health and in the Transportation, Space, and Technology Program, a part of RAND Justice, Infrastructure, and Environment.

This report is part of the RAND Corporation Tool series. RAND tools may include models, databases, calculators, computer code, GIS mapping tools, practitioner guidelines, web applications, and various toolkits. All RAND tools undergo rigorous peer review to ensure both high data standards and appropriate methodology in keeping with RAND's commitment to quality and objectivity.

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