Intermediate force capabilities (IFCs) include non-lethal weapons (NLWs), information operations (IO), electromagnetic warfare (EW), and cyber capabilities. All of these contribute to military success but are not intended to inflict lethal harm or to directly cause physical destruction. RAND researchers created a logic model to examine the impact of IFCs, how they relate to one another, and how they contribute to national strategic goals. In the model, IFC activities result in direct outputs that contribute to higher-level outcomes and, ultimately, strategic goals drawn from national and U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) strategic documents.

The model illustrates the specific ways in which IFC activities lead to military success and strategic impact. It also shows the value of viewing these IFCs collectively, because their outputs and outcomes are mostly the same.

This research was sponsored by the Joint Intermediate Force Capabilities Office (JIFCO) and conducted within the Navy and Marine Forces Program of the RAND National Security Research Division (NSRD).

This report is part of the RAND visualization series. RAND visualizations present graphical or interactive views of data and information from a published, peer-reviewed product or a body of published work.

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