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A key aim of the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB) is to provide new educational options to parents whose children are attending Title I schools identified for improvement, by allowing them to enroll their children in other schools or in supplemental education services (SES), such as tutoring. (Title schools are those that receive federal funding because they have a high percentage of students from low-income families.) This report presents findings on the implementation of NCLB’s parental choice options in 2003–2004. It finds that only 1 percent of the nearly 6.2 million students who were eligible for school choice took advantage of the option, whereas about 17 percent of the 1.8 million eligible students took advantage of supplemental services. Surveys of parents who took advantage of either option indicate that most of them were satisfied with the new schools or services. The authors suggest that the low rates of participation in parental choice options may be due to poor communication by districts — many parents reported either being unaware of their options or not being informed of them before the start of the school year — and unavailability of alternate schools or SES providers, especially for middle and high school students.

Reprinted with permission from “State and Local Implementation of the No Child Left Behind Act: Volume IV — Title I School Choice and Supplemental Education Services: Interim Report” by the U.S. Department of Education, Office of Planning, Evaluation and Development, Policy and Program Studies Service, Washington D.C., 2008.

Table of Contents

  • Chapter One

    Introduction

  • Chapter Two

    Eligibility, Availability and Participation

  • Chapter Three

    Communication With Parents

  • Chapter Four

    Implementing and Monitoring Supplemental Educational Services

  • Appendix A

    Description of NLS-NCLB and SSI-NCLB Methodologies

  • Appendix B

    Standard Error Exhibits

Originally published as: “State and Local Implementation of the No Child Left Behind Act: Volume IV — Title I School Choice and Supplemental Education Services: Interim Report,” by the U.S. Department of Education, 2008.

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