Implications of Integrating Women into Marine Corps Infantry
Dec 3, 2015
This study for the U.S. Marine Corps presents a historical overview of the integration of women into the U.S. military and explores the importance of cohesion and what influences it. The gender integration experiences of foreign militaries, as well as the gender integration efforts of domestic police and fire departments, are analyzed for insights into effective policies. The potential costs of integration are analyzed as well.
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This study for the U.S. Marine Corps consisted of four tasks: (1) review the literature on the integration of women in ground combat and other physically demanding occupations, (2) conduct interviews with representatives of organizations that have integrated women into physically demanding occupations, (3) estimate the costs of potential initiatives to promote successful gender integration, and (4) develop an approach for monitoring implementation of gender integration of the infantry. RAND researchers present a historical overview of the integration of women into the U.S. military and explore the importance of cohesion and what influences it. The gender integration experiences of foreign militaries, as well as those of domestic police and fire departments, are examined for insights on effective policies. The potential one-time and recurring costs associated with integration are estimated as well. The report culminates in a summary of previous monitoring efforts and broad strategic monitoring issues, as well as recommendations to the Marine Corps for implementation.
History of Integrating Women into the U.S. Military
Research on Cohesion
Insights on Critical Mass
Lessons Learned from the Experiences of Foreign Militaries
Lessons Learned from the Experiences of Domestic Police and Fire Departments
Integrating the Marine Corps Infantry: Representation and Costs
Developing a Monitoring Framework
Cross-Cutting Implications and Recommendations for Implementation
Rubric for Evaluating USMC Infantry Characteristics
Summary of FDNY Postintegration Lawsuits
Approach to Developing a Monitoring Framework
This research was sponsored by the United States Marine Corps and conducted within the Forces and Resources Policy Center of the RAND National Defense Research Institute, a federally funded research and development center sponsored by the Office of the Secretary of Defense, the Joint Staff, the Unified Combatant Commands, the Department of the Navy, the Marine Corps, the defense agencies, and the defense Intelligence Community.
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