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In 2016, the RAND Corporation was asked to develop a survey instrument to measure the incidence of hazing and bullying in the active-duty U.S. military. The instrument needed to align with evolving definitions of hazing and bullying and feature a limited number of survey items to reduce survey fatigue.

In this report, the authors describe the development and design of the survey instrument and offer suggestions for improved future versions that would not preclude trend analysis between the original fielding and subsequent fieldings.

Table of Contents

  • Chapter One


  • Chapter Two

    Initial Development of Draft Hazing and Bullying Measures

  • Chapter Three

    Cognitive Interviews with Service Members

  • Chapter Four

    Department of Defense–Revised Bullying and Hazing Instrument Following Incorporation of Cognitive Interview Recommendations

  • Chapter Five


  • Appendix A

    Summary of Published Hazing and Workplace Bullying and Cyberbullying Survey Instruments

  • Appendix B

    RAND Draft Bullying and Hazing Instrument

  • Appendix C

    Department of Defense–Revised Bullying and Hazing Instrument

This research was sponsored by the Office of the Secretary of Defense and conducted by the Forces and Resources Policy Center within the RAND National Security Research Division.

This report is part of the RAND Corporation Research report series. RAND reports present research findings and objective analysis that address the challenges facing the public and private sectors. All RAND reports undergo rigorous peer review to ensure high standards for research quality and objectivity.

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