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Getting To Outcomes (GTO) is a ten-step implementation support process for comprehensive planning, implementation guidance, and evaluation of programs and community initiatives. Research has shown that organizations that use GTO improve their programs and get better outcomes than organizations that do not use GTO.

This guide is a streamlined version adapted from the Air Force guide to meet the unique needs of the Air National Guard (ANG). It provides guidance on how to plan, implement, and evaluate various types of programs, policies, practices, and processes (P4). The guidance includes examples of evidence-based brief P4 and measures for how to evaluate them in the ANG. Each chapter has tools that provide guidance on how to make the many decisions needed to plan and evaluate P4. These tools then serve as a written record of those decisions that can be reviewed later.

Each chapter contains a brief overview of the steps and their importance, including key definitions; helpful tips and resources for completing the steps; detailed instructions for completing each tool; and a hypothetical scenario in which a wing Community Action Team works on their Community Action Plan. This hypothetical team is addressing responsible alcohol use, and examples of each of the completed tools for a P4 addressing alcohol misuse are included in each chapter.

The guide also includes appendixes with evidence-informed P4 and evaluation measures for three content areas that were selected by ANG leadership: healthy relationships and communication, responsible alcohol use, and work-life balance.

Table of Contents

  • Chapter One:

    GTO Step 1 — Identifying Priority Problems to Address

  • Chapter Two:

    GTO Step 2 — Setting Goals and Desired Outcomes

  • Chapter Three:

    GTO Steps 3, 4, and 5 — Assessing and Selecting Effective P4

  • Chapter Four:

    GTO Step 6 — Planning for P4 Implementation and Evaluation

  • Chapter Five:

    GTO Steps 7, 8, 9, and 10 — Using Evaluation to Improve P4

  • Appendix A:

    GTO Glossary of Terms

  • Appendix B:

    Assembling Your CAP Document

  • Appendix C:

    Healthy Relationships and Communication Interventions and Measures

  • Appendix D:

    Responsible Alcohol Use Interventions and Measures

  • Appendix E:

    Work-Life Balance Interventions and Measures

  • Appendix E:

    Bibliography

Research conducted by

The research reported here was commissioned by the U.S. Air Force Integrated Resilience Office under the Deputy Chief of Staff for Manpower, Personnel and Services, Headquarters U.S. Air Force, and conducted by the Manpower, Personnel, and Training Program within RAND Project AIR FORCE.

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