To inform the development of No Surprises Act reports to Congress, this report summarizes recent patterns of and trends in horizontal and vertical consolidation of hospitals, physician practices, and health insurers.
Sep 30, 2022
Jodi Liu (she/her) is a policy researcher at RAND and a professor at the Pardee RAND Graduate School. Her research broadly focuses on health care reform and health care costs. She has experience using simulation modeling to analyze the effects of health care policy changes on health insurance coverage, household and government spending, and capacity for Alzheimer’s treatments. Her work has also involved assessing alternative payment models, health care consolidation, single-payer health care, and dementia care.
Liu earned her Ph.D. in policy analysis from the Pardee RAND Graduate School, her M.S.P.H. in global disease epidemiology and control from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, and her M.S.E. in biomedical engineering and B.S.E. in chemical engineering from the University of Michigan.