Environmental Equity


Environmental equity is fair and just access to environmental resources, to protection from environmental hazards, and to environmental decisionmaking. RAND research has examined equity in disaster preparation, response, and recovery; how historic redlining continues to affect communities; urban stormwater management; heat wave vulnerability; and how low-income, marginalized communities of color face disproportionate effects of climate change.

  • Flooding on the Louisiana Gulf Coast after Hurricane Delta. Photo by EC4 / Getty Images


    Assessing Racial Equity in Disaster Preparation, Response, and Recovery

    Disasters have the potential to exacerbate preexisting racial inequities. The U.S. Department of Homeland Security and Federal Emergency Management Agency have made commitments to reduce social inequities, but frameworks, indicators, and metrics are needed for tracking progress toward equity goals.

    Jul 15, 2021

  • Aerial map image by Google Earth


    Environmental Racism: How Historic Redlining Continues to Affect Communities

    Starting in the 1930s, neighborhoods across America were redlined—marked on government maps as too hazardous, as in, too Black or too immigrant, for federal home loans. When zoning officials needed somewhere to put a new factory or freeway, those redlined neighborhoods were like a bullseye that they hit again and again.

    Jun 27, 2022

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